JORN & POLLOCK
Did Danish Asger Jorn (1914-1973) and American Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) share artistic means and ends? For decades the question has remained unresolved, and now Louisiana is taking a closer look at the work of the two outstanding artists with the exhibition Revolutionary Roads. A selection of 135 works – paintings, drawings and prints – offers a specific take on this meeting of the giants for the first time.
Jorn and Pollock are two important artists who never met, but each in his own way revolutionized painting during and immediately after World War II. They were the same age, one a northern European born in Vejrum, Jutland, the other an American from Cody, Wyoming, in the USA. The war severed the connections of both with the Parisian centre of the Avant-garde, which was never re-established. This exhibition focuses on the period 1943-1963. For both artists there was a ‘before’ this period, and for Jorn also an ‘after’. It was in this period that the two artists’ work was defined and they achieved the greatest international attention – and it was in these same years that a new, spontaneous-abstract painting style arose.
At times one may doubt which of the two created what: Some of Jorn’s and Pollock’s works are almost indistinguishable in style. But the exhibition is not about the two artists being identical – quite the contrary. Jorn and Pollock offer us different versions of the routes that the revolution in painting could take, and often what looks identical is really fundamentally different.
The intention of the exhibition is to establish a direct encounter with the works in all their insistent materiality, with their methods and idioms, in an attempt to emancipate both artists a little from art history’s categorizations into the ‘action painter’ Pollock and the ‘CoBrA painter’ Jorn. They shared in the creation of a new abstract expressionism, but related differently to the roles of art and the artist in society.
The foundations 15. Juni Fonden and Augustinusfonden have supported the exhibition.
The meeting between the works of Asger Jorn and Jackson Pollock has been organized in five themes, each with its own expression – routes that constantly cross paths.
Myths and Mythmakers considers mythological and historic material in the thinking of the period, which for the two artists resulted in the idea of a kind of primal images. Jorn’s fascination is with the commonplace and in particular with Nordic folk culture; Pollock is inspired by both Greek mythology and the prehistory of his own country.
Figuration and Abstraction is about a couple of years, 1950-52, when the work of the artists revolved searchingly around the figurative and the abstract – appearance and disappearance – in often-comparable dramatic compositions.
The theme Abstract Expressionism and What Looks Like It shows Pollock’s classic drip paintings – from the three years that made him the most famous painter of the post-war era – and Jorn’s Luxury pictures, which are clearly influenced by Pollock’s action painting, but also paraphrase it with a critical edge.
The Accidental and The Controlled is a close study of how each of the two artists can be said to have formed the architecture of their works, Pollock was clearly preoccupied with imposing formal unity, unlike Jorn, who often acclaimed the challenging of such formal structures by randomness.
Jorn & Pollock. Revolutionary Roads sees the end of the period as the endgame of spontaneous-abstract painting and at the same time the cut-off date for the exhibition. After this Pop Art turned the art of both painters into historical material.
JORN & POLLOCK
With a foreword by Louisiana’s director Poul Erik Tøjner and curator Anders Kold.